|All Saints Church|
|All Saints Church|
Alexander Holden purchased the manor of Hawton from the Newdigates in 1717. On his death it passed to his son, Robert. He died childless in 1808 so it passed to his cousin, Captain Robert Holden. A few years earlier, in 1800, Captain Robert had asked for the hand of Mary Anne Drury in marriage. Her father had somewhat reluctantly agreed to the match with the intention of prolonging the engagement. The spirited bride had other ideas. She climbed out of her bedroom window and the young couple eloped to Gretna Green. They were married there on 30th August and then again, officially, at Spondon the following day. There are memorial plagues inside the church dedicated to the Holden family members.
|Easter Sepulchre & tomb|
|Carvings above the sedilia|
Some of the carvings have been damaged over the centuries and, sadly, at least one of them has been removed. In The History of Nottinghamshire Thoroton wrote:
"I have seen many strange figures and forms without churches, originally intended to convey water from the roofs; some with horrid mouths, and many in the position of vomiting; but here is one too indelicate for either representation or description. It serves vulgar boys and men, the neighbourhood, to show women as a great curiosity, I am told, where the former fail not to laugh at the credulity of the latter."
Our interest piqued we searched for the offending figure but there was nothing that was too indelicate to describe ... shame!
One door has a bullet hole from the Civil War and two odd handles that don't seem to do anything ... that is because they were the Sanctuary Handles. You couldn't be arrested as long as you were holding on to one of them.
There have been a number of changes made to the building over the years: the roof has been raised and this door appears to have been added .....
.... they must have wanted that door REALLY badly! The windows are not decorated with stained glass but they are still beautiful because of the stonework:
|The grand east window dating from around 1330|
|Inside All Saints Church|
|Hawton street view|
Future Fishing is a fishing tackle supplier also based in the village.
This is all very different to a couple of hundred years ago when Hawton Mills was up and running and producing some of the finest quality linen in the whole country. The village was considerably bigger in those days and Hawton Mill was a main source of employment. Unfortunately there was no such thing as a minimum wage in those days. The Poor Relief registers show that Hawton Mill workers were paid 8s a week but the mill owners then stopped them over 3s for their rent. The parish paid them 2s so they had enough to live on. I suppose the mill owners, being the ones who contributed to the Poor Relief Fund in the first place, felt quite justified.
The Mill itself was situated some distance outside the village of today. It occupied a triangular meadow near the Queen's Sconce on the Farndon Road towards Newark and extending to the River Devon. George Scales opened the works in 1793. He knew he had a good supply of spring water for washing and bleaching the cloth, space for processing, good transport routes (the Trent Mersey Canal opened in 1777) and a market. Hawton Mill was made up of a warehouse, a cloth cellar, drying rooms, a row of workers' cottages known as Scale's Row, a yarn warehouse, stables, two houses (for George Scales and his son), an orchard garden and a boathouse on the River Devon. Nothing is left of the complex now except one cottage known as Orchard House yet at one time the mill was a hive of activity with deliveries of flax from farms in Yorkshire, enough spinners working to keep 100 weavers busy all day, the finishing team washing the cloth, laying it out in the meadows for 3 - 4 weeks and turning it to bleach in the sun then the packers preparing it for market. It wasn't all plain sailing either. The Scales brothers were involved in a lengthy bankruptcy case where they were owed money and the court had to decide which debts would be paid (the Scales lost out!) then in 1826 their main flax supplier, William Bamforth, ended his partnership with them ... it was not an acrimonious split though as Bamforth's daughter married Thomas Scales, George's son, a few years later. The business eventually folded in 1889.
|Hawton Redoubt & site of Hawton Manor House|
St Catherine's Well is still bubbling away today but it is in someone's back garden underneath a metal drain cover!
Newark Saddler .... local business
Map of Hawton: click here.